Thermal Storage


four primary ways to store solar thermal energy are (1) sensible-heat­storage systems, which store thermal energy in materials with good heat-retention qualities; (2) latent-heat-storage systems, which store solar thermal energy in the latent heat of fusion or vaporization of certain materials undergoing a change of phase; (3) chemical energy storage, which uses reversible reactions (for example, the dissociation-association reaction of sulfuric acid and water); and (4) electrical or mechanical storage, particularly through the use of storage batteries (electrical) or compressed air (mechanical).